Certainly today, in the University circles and more broadly, one of most mentioned notions is the Bologna Declaration or more precisely the Bologna Process. Officially started with Bologna Declaration on June 19, 1999., the Bologna Process rests on the series of documents and declarations, beginning with Magna Charta Universitatum, on September 18, 1988, in which are given the basic principles of founding, constituting and acting of the Universities, then on the Lisbon Convention, Sorbonne Declaration, Bologna Declaration, Salaman's Convention, Prague and Berlin Communiqué, to the Bergen Conference, Norway, in May 2005.
The essence of the Bologna Process is outlined by the Bologna Declaration, by which 29 European Ministers took the obligation to establish European Higher Education Area all over the world. Only in that way established European Higher Education System can realize desired synergetic effect, by which the increase would be enabled of concurring ability, either in economic and in cultural - educational domain as well, of the mentioned area.
The realisation of this idea in praxis should be realised, according already mentioned Bologna Declaration, by:
- Adapting the system of easy understandable and comparable academic titles,
- Adapting the system with two main cycles (undergraduate / postgraduate),
- Establishing of Credit system - ECTS,
- Promotion of the mobility by eliminating the obstacles to effective applying of free movement of the students, lecturers, scientific collaborators and administrative personnel,
- Advancing the European Collaboration and assuring the quality with the goal to develop comparable criteria and methodologies
- Promoting the European Dimensions in the higher education
As the supplement of this list the Prague Communiqué enhanced the following elements important for the field higher education
- Lifelong learning
- Including the students in all segments of thew academic life
- Advancing the attraction and concurring ability of the European Area of Higher Education to other parts of the world